Abbreviation is a short form of a word or phrase. ⁣

Commonly, there are four main types of abbreviation, and the way that we write, punctuate and pronounce any abbreviation depends largely on its type:⁣

Shortening is an abbreviation where the end of the full word has been cut off. ⁣
Corp. = Corporation⁣
app = application⁣
bike = bicycle⁣

Contraction is an abbreviation where a bit of the full word has been cut out from inside. ⁣
govt = government⁣
ft = foot, feet⁣
let’s = let us⁣

Initialism is an abbreviation made from the initial (first) letters of a group of words (and pronounced as individual letters). ⁣
ATM = automatic teller machine⁣
CEO = Chief Executice Officer⁣
VIP = very important person⁣

Acronym is an abbreviation made from the initial (first) letters of a group of words (and pronounced as a word). ⁣
Aids = acquired immune deficiency syndrome⁣
Radar = radar detection and ranging⁣
PIN = personal identification number⁣

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