Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0, similar but not same?

At present, maybe some of us are familiar with Industry 4.0 (4IR), which originated from the concept of the digital era/information and communication technology era in Germany with 6 main pillars, namely digital society, sustainable energy, smart mobility, healthy living, civil security, and technology at work. Our country, Indonesia has also been Implementing Industry 4.0.

Then, what about Society 5.0? Society 5.0 is an industrial revolution formulated by Japan which was inaugurated on January 21, 2019, to deal with all the problems that occur there. Where in Japan is experiencing a challenge of decreasing population which makes the population/workers of productive age decrease, so Japan is trying to improve this condition by implementing Society 5.0.

Society 5.0 itself is a “refinement” of Industry 4.0, where many people think that Industry 4.0 will use sophisticated technology machines that will reduce the amount of work done by human labor. Where Society 5.0 is expected to create new value through the development of advanced technology that can reduce the gap between humans and economic problems in the future.

Here are at least 3 differences between Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0:

  1. If Industry 4.0 emphasizes and focuses on how work can be done automatically, then Society 5.0 emphasizes how to optimize responsibilities for working hours.
  2. In Industry 4.0, this industrial revolution highlights the effectiveness of using automatic machines, in Society 5.0 highlights the effectiveness of optimizing human labor for advanced machines and technology.
  3. In Industry 4.0, communication can be computerized in various ways, while in Society 5.0 it is focused on making work easier with smart and sophisticated machines or technology.

So, exactly both of them are different. It is not as the opinion said that Society 5.0 is a step forward from Industry 4.0 (4IR). We can understand more about the difference and the similarity by learning the historical terms of these.
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