In the Islamic lunar calendar, the ninth month is Ramadan, during which Muslims fast from dawn to dusk. In addition to refraining from food and drink. Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. Fasting during Ramadan is obligatory for adult Muslims, though there are some exceptions – for example Muslims who are ill, travelling or pregnant. Children are not expected to fast until they reach the age of puberty. Some children do fast for part of the day.
Here are some vocabularies to know about Ramadan in Indonesia:
Lunar: relating to the moon
Fasting/sawm/syiam: not eat or drink; refrain from food and drink
Dawn: sunrise
Dusk: sunset
Five Pillars of Islam: the five duties for all Muslims: expressing the faith; praying; giving money to the poor; fasting during Ramadan; and visiting Mecca in Hajj
Obligatory: required by law or rule; compulsory
Baligh: Puberty, the period when adolescents reach sexual maturity
Imsak: the start of the daily fast at the first light of dawn.
Suhoor: the pre-dawn meal, it is taken before imsak starts.
Iftar: break the fast, it is the meal taken after sunset when the day’s fasting is over
Eid Festival: celebration day after ramadan
Eid Mubarak: Saying to happy eid fitr
Mudik: Homecoming trip to hometown
Bukber: Breakfast gathering
Ngabuburit: Killing the time before iftar comes
THR: Religious holiday allowance
Zakat al-Fitr: a charity donation given by Muslims a few days before the end of Ramadan to help people and causes around the world
Wudu (Woo-doo): Ablution, It is necessary to perform ablution before you can pray the ritual prayer
Azan: Islamic call to prayer
Hilal: The crescent moon
Taraweeh: Nightly Prayers performed in Ramadan
Taqwa: Good Deed
Pahala: Spiritual Reward
Laylat Qadr: The night of destiny, The final 10 days of Ramadan are considered the most holy because it is believed to have been the period in which the first verses of the Quran. It is better than those carried out over 1000 nights.
Itikaf: to isolate and dedicate one’s time to special things during the final 10 days of Ramadan in days and nights at the mosque.