Tell me your problems, I will chase them away.

I could see the sky, Sky beautiful tonight.

When you need to talk it out with someone you can trust.

I would stay there, There’s no need to fear.

The bolded words in English grammar is called Modal. Modal is a verb that combines with another verb to indicate mood or tense. Modals include modal verbs, semi-modal verbs (also called marginal modals) and other modal expressions ( similar modal). They combine with main verbs and modify their meanings. A modal may have several different meanings, while similar meanings may be expressed by using different modals. The easy form of modal must be in “Modal + bare invinitive/ V1”.

Here are kinds of modal:

  1. The modal verbs (or modal auxiliary verbs) are: can, could, may, might, will, shall, would, should, must and others.
  • I can swim well.
  • They will be here soon.

2. Semi-modal verbs
The semi-modal verbs (or marginal modals) are: dare, need, used to and ought to. They behave similarly to modal verbs but also share some characteristics with main verbs.

  • He didn’t dare to look back.
  • You needn’t have been so rude.

3. Besides modal verbs and semi-modal verbs, there are other expressions or similar modal which can express modal meanings. Some of these are formed with be:
Can = be able to
Will = be going to

  • I am able to finish this work alone.
  • She is going to visit the doctor.

Learn more especially for the function of modal. It’s the deeper parts of them to understand much for english learner.

Use of modal verbs:

Modal verbs are used to express functions such as:

  1. Permission
  2. Ability
  3. Obligation
  4. Prohibition
  5. Lack of necessity
  6. Advice
  7. possibility
  8. probability

Examples of modal verbs

Here is a list of modals with examples:

Modal VerbExpressingExample
mustStrong obligationYou must stop when the traffic lights turn red.
logical conclusion / CertaintyHe must be very tired. He’s been working all day long.
must notprohibitionYou must not smoke in the hospital.
canabilityI can swim.
permissionCan I use your phone, please?
possibilitySmoking can cause cancer.
couldability in the pastWhen I was younger I could run fast.
polite permissionExcuse me, could I just say something?
possibilityIt could rain tomorrow!
maypermissionMay I use your phone, please?
possibility, probabilityIt may rain tomorrow!
mightpolite permissionMight I suggest an idea?
possibility, probabilityI might go on holiday to Australia next year.
need notlack of necessity/absence of obligationI need not buy tomatoes. There are plenty of tomatoes in the fridge.
should/ought to50 % obligationI should / ought to see a doctor. I have a terrible headache.
adviceYou should / ought to revise your lessons
logical conclusionHe should / ought to be very tired. He’s been working all day long.
had betteradviceYou’d better revise your lessons


Modal verbs are followed by an infinitive without “to”, also called the bare infinitive.


  • You must stop when the traffic lights turn red.
  • You should see to the doctor.
  • There are a lot of tomatoes in the fridge. You need not buy any.

Tinggalkan Balasan

Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan. Ruas yang wajib ditandai *